Knee Swelling – Causes And Treatment.

Knee swelling is a standard problem brought on by the build-up of fluid around the knee joint. This state of injury is known as knee joint effusion or water on the knee. The swollen knee may occur gradually or suddenly, which makes all movements, even walking quite uncomfortable.

The swollen knee may be caused by factors such as harm and ongoing knee problems.

The causes of knee swelling?

The knee is composed of joint capsule that resembles a sac which surrounds the whole joint. The joint capsule acts as a container and keeps the fluid within the knee joint. Building up of fluid in the joint capsule is the primary reason for knee swelling and is caused by:

1. Bleeding in the joint is usually brought on by a knee injury and the knee swelling occurs as a direct result.

2. An accumulation of synovial fluid
This type of knee swelling takes place bit by bit and tends to come and go. Truly, water on the knee behaves very peculiarly because the fluid varies from one period to another.

Knee swelling typically grows in among the four manners.
* Accelerated swelling- comes after an injury
* Delayed swelling- appears only after an injury
* Slow swelling- grows and fluctuate without an injury
* Accelerated swelling- comes without an injury

Accelerated swelling after an injury
A swollen knee which grows a short while after an injury is caused by haemarthrosis, this is where blood collects in the joint. This activity only damages the structure in the knee resulting in bleeding which then builds up pressure in the joint.
You can find three primary causes of swollen knee from haemarthrosis
* Ligament tear- involves ligament rupture between bones.
* Meniscus tear- rip in the outside rim of the cartilage lining the knee
* Bone fracture- break in among the knee bone

Delayed Swelling After an Injury
Firstly, youâll need to find the best knee surgeon. This ideally, mostly happens when damage happens inside the knee causing irritation and thus resulting to increased production in synovial fluid in the joint. Delayed swelling after an injury varies but not as much as swollen knee from haemarthrosis.

The most common causes of a knee joint effusion are
* Meniscus tear- rip in the outside rim of the cartilage lining the joint
* Knee sprain- stretching of the ligaments, ultimately causing damage to some fibres.

Slow swelling without an injury
Slow progression of the swollen knee is an indicator of an underlying knee ailment as an alternative to an injury. The fluid in the capsule comes and goes and varies in amount. Slow knee swelling is typically related to arthritis. Arthritis makes the body produce excessive fluid which settles in the knee.

Accelerated swelling without an injury
The most common causes of swelling without an injury are infection and gout.

Treatment for Knee Swelling
* Use of ice to slow blood flow
* Compression
* Medicine
* Aspiration
* Height and
* Rest

Knee swelling needs immediate medical attention. It is important for one to visit a knee injury doctor or arthritis specialist to get a clear understanding of its cause and treatment alternatives.